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The demand for engineers has been steadily growing for over a decade, and there are no signs that this demand will diminish. Companies all across the globe require a range of specialized engineers. In fact, the range of specializations has been growing in number, right from nanotechnology engineering to ceramics engineering.

We take a look at the various engineering programs that are growing in popularity as well as the already popular engineering programs and the top two universities for each program.

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING – Perhaps the broadest of all engineering fields, mechanical engineers are required in a wide range of industries. The scope for these engineers is immense. Not only are they in high demand, but they also get to work in an array of interesting projects.

Top Universities – 1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA 2. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

AEROSPACE ENGINEERING – While Aerospace and aeronautical engineering are often referred to as the same form of engineering, there is a difference. Aerospace engineering involves the study of craft traveling outside our atmosphere, while aeronautical engineering involves the study of craft traveling inside our atmosphere. Several experts predict that Aerospace Engineering will be one of the fastest growing fields in the coming years. The number of students applying for this program has already grown rapidly.

Top Universities – 1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA 2. Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA 2. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING – An interesting field of education that combines the study of mechanics and organisms and how to solve problems by combining these two different fields. The prospects of this program are growing as this program is closely connected to other fields such as agriculture, biomedicine and environmental preservation, and these engineers can potentially help to solve numerous problems in these fields.

Top Universities -1.  Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA 2. John Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA

BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING – With high job prospect, this program is very popular among students. Biomedical engineering involves the design and maintenance of various machines used in diagnostics and treatment. These engineers are in high demand in private as well as government institutions, and are absorbed by healthcare research institutes and hospitals.

Top Universities – 1. Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Cambridge, MA, USA 2. Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, USA

 

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CIVIL ENGINEERING – While most students who pursue a degree in civil engineering, go on to become engineers in various private as well as public projects that involve the construction of all kinds of structures, right from dams to buildings; some students decide to pursue a research career in the field. There are plenty of jobs available in this field and not enough candidates to fill them.

Top Universities – 1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA 2. Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA 2. Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands

AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING – While automobile engineering is focused on the manufacturing of automobiles, there are a range of areas to work on within this field. With good job prospects, it comes as no surprise that this is an extremely popular option among students.

Top Universities – 1. Westachsische Hochschule Zwickau University of Applied Sciences, Zwickau, Germany 2. University of Leeds, Leeds, UK

STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING – A more focused form of civil engineering, the program provides instruction on how to design various buildings, while also keeping in mind how natural elements could affect these buildings to ensure that these buildings will be as safe as possible. Job prospects for structural engineers are highest in China, Australia, New Zealand and Singapore.

Top Universities – 1. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA 2. Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK

ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING – Architectural engineers have a wide range of responsibilities in the designing, planning and construction of buildings. While working on the structure of a building and interior design, they need to consider an immense number of factors such as ventilation, heating, air conditioning, lighting, fire protection, plumbing, and safety measures against natural disasters depending on the area. While there may not be a very significant growth in the demand for architectural engineers, the demand still exists.

Top Universities – 1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA 2. School of Architecture – The Bartlett, The University College London, London, UK

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING – Many consider this to be one of the more interesting fields of engineering, with jobs that involve designing components for automobiles, communication systems, electronic equipment and power grids. However, there has been little to no increase in demand for these engineers.

Top Universities – 1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA 2. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

COMPUTER ENGINEERING – While the Information Technology industry continues to grow at a phenomenal pace, Computer engineers appear to be more in demand than their counterparts specializing in the electrical field. As almost every industry finds the need for computer engineers, there is no dearth of jobs for these specialists.

Top Universities – Top Universities – 1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA 2. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

 

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ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING – This stream of engineering is without a doubt extremely popular among students, however, many studies show that there is unlikely to be an increase in demand for these engineers in the coming years. Having played an integral part in changing human lives for the better, electronics will mostly likely continue to be an important part of our daily lives and students interested in pursuing this field should not be disheartened by predictions of no growth in job opportunities.

Top Universities – 1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA 2. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

MECHATRONICS ENGINEERING – This is a stream to watch out for. There is high demand for these engineers as they help bridge the gap between mechanical and electronics engineering, as most mechanical equipment today, depend on electronics and software. Mechatronics engineers with knowledge of computer engineering usually rise faster in their fields.

Top Universities – 1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA 2. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

ROBOTICS ENGINEERING – While arguments over the wisdom of creating robots to replace humans at the workplace rage on, the area is estimated to grow by 15%. Robotics engineers design robotic technology and develop maintenance systems to ensure that optimal efficiency is achieved.

Top Universities – 1. Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, 2. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

MICROELECTRONICS ENGINEERING – While the broader streams of electrical and electronics engineering may be more popular today, the demand for microelectronic engineers is higher. This is primarily because of the necessity for the electronics behind all our daily gadgets to be more compact and efficient.

Top Universities – 1. Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK 2. National University of Singapore, Singapore

ENGINEERING & PROJECT MANAGEMENT – This type of engineering degree is great for engineers who also wish to dabble in the management aspect of a business. This is a popular program, as normally students would initially opt for a Bachelor’s degree in an engineering program, followed by an MBA. This course not only reduces the duration spent studying, but exposes students to these two promising fields.

Top Universities – 1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA 2. McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING – While there is no expected growth in employment of industrial engineers, this broad stream is popular not only because of the work involved, but because there are a range of industries that require these specialists.

Top Universities – 1. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA 2. Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA

SYSTEMS ENGINEERING – This is an extremely useful branch of engineering as it involves the development of new as well as the maintenance of existing systems for risk assessment and management, as well as to measure and refine processes to ensure workplace efficiency.

Top Universities – 1. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA 2. University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA

MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING – One of the broadest branches of engineering, students often get a taste of other engineering subjects such as robotics, materials sciences and systems engineering. While most of the broader streams of engineering experiences no growth in job opportunities, manufacturing engineering jobs are projected to grow by a small percentage.

Top Universities – 1. Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA 2. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING – These engineers are heavily involved in the process of extracting oil and gas from beneath the earth. They also develop new methods and technologies to extract oil and gas more safely, sustainably and efficiently. Petroleum engineers are among the highest paid engineers across the world.

Top Universities – 1. Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA 2. University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia

GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING – As natural resources diminish, there is a growing demand for geological engineers. Geological engineers assess the conditions of a place and the possibility of natural hazards before construction commences. They are employed in the government as well as private sector.

Top Universities – University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA 2. University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA

NUCLEAR ENGINEERING – Nuclear engineers are in high demand in the field of medicine and in nuclear power plants. Job prospects for these engineers are growing every year. Nuclear engineers are involved in the design, implementation, maintenance, supervision and management of nuclear power plants. They can also find work in the medical field, where they specialize in accelerator, laser and superconducting magnetic systems used in diagnosis and treatment.

Top Universities – 1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA 2. Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA

MARINE ENGINEERING – Marine engineers basically develop ocean technologies such as fixed and floating structures that include pontoons and jetties, propulsion and power generation for all forms of marine transportation, and developing new forms of ocean-dependent energy like wind farms. There is a lot of scope in this stream, with experts predicting growth in the number of jobs for marine engineers in the coming years.

Top Universities – 1. South Tyneside College, South Shields, UK 2. Webb Institute, Glen Cove, NY, USA

 

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NANOTECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING – Already a popular stream of engineering, nanotechnology is expected to keep growing, owing to its potential to solve a range of humanity’s problems. Students opting for this stream of engineering will have to study about extremely small elements such as atoms and molecules. Nanotechnology can be applied across numerous industries and fields and the potential for these engineers is immense.

Top Universities – The State University of New York Polytechnic Institute (SUNY Poly), Utica. NY, USA 2. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

MINING ENGINEERING – Mining engineers will basically learn how to extract mined resources, while ensuring that the extraction process is safe, environmentally sustainable and economical. Work areas include machinery design and production, and mine design and construction. The demand for mining engineers is expected to grow at a steady pace in the coming years.

Top Universities – 1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA 2. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

CERAMICS ENGINEERING – Given that ceramics are often more suitable than metals in many industries, it comes as no surprise that the demand for ceramics engineers is still high. These engineers are especially required in the medical, electronics and mining fields.

Top Universities – 1. University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA 2. Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

METALLURGY AND MATERIALS ENGINEERING – Similar to mining engineers, these engineers’ primary job is extraction. Students opting for this program will learn how to extract and purify metals and minerals from the ores. In order to do this with maximum optimization, they have to develop and design machinery and techniques to extract these minerals, while ensuring these methods are environmentally responsible. While there is no estimated growth in demand for these engineers, this field is still vastly popular and many industries require these specialists.

Top universities – 1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA 2. University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA

GEOMATICS ENGINEERING – This is a growing field of engineering with good job prospects in India, as most companies outsource this work. Students in this branch of engineering will have to learn how to precisely measure and map the Earth’s environment using advanced techniques and equipment. Several of these engineers play vital roles in planning future infrastructure by processing large amounts of data in order to develop three-dimensional maps. Due to the present shortage of geomatics engineers, these professions are in high demand.

Top Universities – University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA 2. Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

SUSTAINABLE AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES ENGINEERING – With the growing emphasis on the need for sustainable options in every field, engineers specializing in sustainable and renewable energy are in high demand. These engineers are skilled in designing, building, operating and enhancing sustainable energy systems, which generate energy as well as distribute and utilize it in an economical and environmentally responsible way.

Top Universities – 1. Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, USA 2. University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING – A broad field of engineering, chemical engineers can be employed in a range of industries. These students will learn how to apply chemistry in various industries such as pharmaceuticals, food, cosmetics, cleaners and beverages. Owing to the importance of the subject in these industries, chemical engineers continue to be in demand.

Top Universities – 1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA 2. University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING – The demand for environmental engineers is very high and is expected to grow by over 10% in the next ten years. Environmental engineers will have to use their knowledge of science and engineering to protect the environment.

Top Universities – 1. University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA 2. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA

AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING – Agricultural engineers apply their knowledge and skills to various areas in agriculture such as farm machinery design, soil conservation, irrigation and harvest techniques. While many agricultural engineers opt to work with companies that specialize in machinery production and design, some prefer to serve as consultants on a broader range of issues. The demand for agricultural engineers is quite high.

Top Universities – 1. University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA 2. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

 

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